Pictures some of the Most Beautiful Fish

most beautiful fish

Community Aquarium Fish Species

Community Aquarium can be made up of different combination of compatible non-aggressive tank mates. Listed below are some of the common examples of community fish species house in different tank size and other unique aquariums. The best setup should be the one comprises of different fish size (not far or significant between the biggest and smallest fish), colors and also whether the fish is a top, (hatchet fish) bottom (clown loach) or middle dwellers (zebra danios). The idea is to create a natural looking environment simulating tropical aquatic freshwater ecosystem with different types of fish filling every level of the aquarium. Community aquarium not only comprises of different flora (aquarium plants) and fauna (fish species) but also combined with different aquarium decoration in order to create a stunning and wonderful view.

25 gallon tank
1 pleco (bottom dwellers)
2 marbled hatchet fish (top dwellers)
2 dwarf gouramis (middle dwellers)
3 male guppies (middle dwellers)
5 neon fish (middle dwellers)

30 gallon tank
1 bristlenose pleco (bottom dwellers)
5 rummy nose tetra (middle dwellers)
3 zebra danios (middle dwellers)
3 dwarf gourami (middle dwellers)
1 angelfish (top, middle dwellers)

(Note that gouramis and angelfish can be very territorial and thus 30 gallon is the minimum size to house them)


50 gallon tank
3 female clown loaches (bottom dwellers)
7 tiger barbs (middle dwellers)
1 male 3 female swordtails (middle dwellers)
5 silver hatchet fish (top dwellers)
1 Red-Tailed Black Shark (bottom dwellers)

(Be forewarned that both clown loaches and red-tailed black shark may exhibit aggressive behavior towards small fish and even towards each other. If it does, then the tiger barbs are the most vulnerable. Remove if necessary)



Please note that the suggestions above are not necessarily the best. In fact there are hundreds of combination one can come up with. Remember, it’s just the matter of finding the right compatible fish to live with each another. Although I often come across people saying that one can also use dwarf cichlids as community fish, I have to disagree. The reason is because the fish can have a very unpredictable behavior often becoming aggressive towards other fish.



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Aquarium Fish Species: Clown Loach

clown loachClown loach is a very friendly and active fish, which are suitable to be kept in community aquarium together with a school of five or more larger fish, complete with plants, rocks and driftwood for them to hide. They usually grow up to 6 inches in length when kept in captivity and because of their active nature, they will require large aquarium size measuring at least 36” in length (best is 40 gallon) to swim around. Unlike their cousins found in the wild, clown loach in home aquarium can be very difficult to spawn because during their mating season, they can become aggressive and eat up smaller fish. They also gobble their own eggs as well and therefore, one must be prepared to move the parents away to another aquarium in order to ensure high survival of the fish fry.

Clown loach is easily identified by its multiple orange and thick vertical black bands covering the body, one at the eye region, another at middle body and another one close to the tail fin. They are unique in the sense that they also have four pairs of barbells located at the front jaw. The usual activity includes digging up sands and uprooting plants and is notorious for eating up soft leaves aquarium plants. Clown loach can be very sensitive at times especially when the water quality is poor as they will easily get shocked and develop ich or white spot disease.

Finally, when it comes to food, they are not really that picky and will accept all types of dry fish food with an occasional mix of live foods like shrimps and bloodworms. They also have a very huge appetite and experts even mention feeding them at least 4 - 5 times a day. However, I do not recommend such feeding frenzy because it will be hard to maintain good water quality and usually uneaten foods will cause proliferation of bacteria leading to disease.

Other aquarium fish species.



comparison between fluval and eheimComparing Between Different Fish Filters (Advantages and Disadvantages). How about other brands like the BiOrb?

Caring and maintaining planted aquarium

Caring for aquarium plants is as challenging as caring for the fish itself. The first and foremost basic need towards ensuring survival and propagation of aquarium plants is to have sufficient light, carbon dioxide and nutrients. Let us discuss towards fulfilling all the requirements.

Aquarium Lighting
Basically light can be obtained using artificial lighting either from fluorescent tubes or metal halide depending on your budget and requirements. Fluorescent is the most commonly used aquarium lighting and they provide broad range of color spectrum from blue up to white and are mainly suitable for mini freshwater setup which is less demanding. However, if you intend to go for coral reefs and budget is not your constraint, it would be a better option if you decide to use metal halide instead because they produce the highest intensity of lighting with better quality in the blue end spectrum range. In other words, plants will grow better using halide.

Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide is another important consideration for ensuring healthy and vigorous plant growth. Basically carbon dioxide comes from natural respiration of the fish in the tank itself while further can be done to increase the concentration by introducing carbon dioxide through artificial means. One of the easiest setup is to use low pressure CO2 system that comes with regulators which you can be purchase from high-end local fish shop. The gas tanks are sold separately and usually the costs of purchasing and refilling the tanks are in the range of $20 -$30 per month depending on usage.

aquarium plants
Planted aquarium – A perfect setup for your discus fish

Nutrients
Aquarium plant nutrients can be divided into macro and micro nutrients. Basically a good aquarium fertilizer should contain the lowest amount of macro nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates while having the right proportion of micro nutrients, that include iron, copper and zinc. The reason is because macro nutrients are readily available generated from the decomposition of waste and left over food while the micro nutrients cannot be easily obtained directly from these source. Usually it is recommended to go for the liquid type and most important thing which you should take note before using fertilizers is try not to overdose because it can be lethal to the fish and will also promote unhealthy growth of algae. Just check and confirm on the recommended dosage before use.

Related topic:
» Types of Aquarium Plants



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Aquarium Fish Disease – Mouth and Fin Rot

Mouth and Fin Rot disease is often caused by poor water condition. Usually these symptoms can be characterized by signs of rotting fin with the outer skin layer gradually peeling off. The fins will look whitened, with pale tip and the same thing is observed on the mouth with strands of tissue begin peeling off and appear reddish.

The first step towards dealing with these problems is to first check on the water quality. Proliferation of bacteria and parasites is often identified to be the root cause leading to the disease and affected fish will look lethargic and become listless with reduced food appetite.

fish fin rot
Fish with fin rot disease


Other than maintaining perfect water condition, there are other approaches one can use to deal with it. One of them is to raise the salt concentration to 0.5% while at the same time apply some antibiotics available from local fish shop. Another form of treatment is to purchase medicated flake food and feed to the fish. If everything is done perfectly and provided that the symptoms are still in the early stage, chances for the fish to recover is very high.

Some posts covering similar topics:
» Tips to successful aquarium fish keeping
» Common mistakes made by aquarium owners
» Other fish disease - Ich or white spot



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Aquarium Fish Disease – Ich or White Spot

Ich (or White Spot Disease) can be devastating on your community tank. Basically it can directly transmit from one fish species to another as long as it is within the same aquarium confinement. Early signs of disease can be seen with development of white spots that looks like tiny pimples on the outer surface of the fish. Fish infected with ich will often swim in erratic matter trying to scratch itself on the aquarium bottom surface, rocks or even anything it will come in contact with.
White spot is usually introduced in the aquarium through introduction of infected fish. It can also develop as a result of poor water quality and fish suffering from this disease offer suffer from other parasitic and bacterial infection due to the open wound caused by the heavy scratching. If left untreated, it will lead to painful death and as such it might be a good idea to treat the fish for early signs of disease.

fish ich
Clown Loach with early signs of ich developing

Usually, treatment can be done using salt. Before administrating treatment, remove all aquarium plants and perform 50% water change. Add 2 teaspoonful to every gallon of aquarium water and repeat the same step by changing the water every 48 hours and then bring up the salt concentration once again. Throughout the whole procedure, try to ensure water temperature is constant and remember consistent treatment is the key to success. This is because the ich life cycle can be hard to dealt with and usually signs of disease will crop up once again after weeks. It is therefore advisable for the owner to perform extreme observations during the period and react according if signs of ich show up once again.

Other aquarium fish disease to watch out: Mouth and Fin Rot, Dropsy



comparison between fluval and eheimComparing Between Different Fish Filters (Advantages and Disadvantages). How about other brands like the BiOrb?

About Me

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My fascination and interest towards aquarium fish has led me to devote my time towards caring and learning about this wonderful pet.

Aquarium fish keeping is a very challenging and exciting hobby. When I first started, I never knew much or have the necessary guidance back then because none of my family members were actually a keen hobbyist. And because of that, I’ve encountered numerous failures and the worst part is having to deal with dead fish every time when you started to grow fond and getting attached to my pets. However, I persevered and took steps to find out and search for information from other hobbyist, apart from the knowledge gained and learned from my own experience and research. The blog that I’ve created here is meant to share useful information and tips about aquarium fish keeping so that new hobbyist will not make the same mistakes that I’ve made in the past."

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