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Tips for Successful Aquarium Fish Keeping

  1. Avoid drastic fluctuation in water quality by conducting periodic water parameters checking especially for pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate level

  2. Maintain constant aquarium water temperature at all times. If possible, consider using temperature regulators like aquarium heater to help you on that.

  3. Perform regular water changes and replace only maximum one third of the aquarium water each time. Make sure the water is properly treated before adding to the aquarium and in the case of salt water aquarium, ensure that right percentage of salt is added.

  4. Feed well balanced and include variety of diets that consists of live and processed dry food. Avoid overfeeding so that water quality is easy to control and fish remains healthy.

  5. Ensure adequate aquarium filtration and aeration by using filters and air pumps to allow exchange of gas and removal of waste at the same time.

  6. If possible, grow aquarium plants so that there is sufficient hiding place and fish won’t easily get shocked and terrified. Plants also help to covert harmful ammonia and nitrite to less toxic nitrate thus providing natural aquarium environment for your fish.

  7. Find out and research in-depth to look for every information you can find about your fish to understand their behavior so that you can strive to provide the best optimum living condition.

  8. Provide large aquarium space for your fish and do not overcrowd. Find out what is the best aquarium size to accommodate the right number of fish.

  9. Perform regular care and maintenance such as servicing the filter, removing algae and waste including tank cleaning.

  10. Always be on the alert and watch out for early signs of illness. Aquarium fish disease such as ich, dropsy and fin rot can be devastating. Administer treatment using fish medicine as early as possible once detected.

  11. And finally…..Watch them swim and develop the love and tender care for your pets. Fish especially goldfish and arowana can recognize their owners and will get intimate whenever there's a chance. Once you start to love and appreciate your pets, item number 1-10 will come naturally in your mind without ever need to be reminded
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comparison between fluval and eheimComparing Between Different Fish Filters (Advantages and Disadvantages). How about other brands like the BiOrb?

Aquarium Maintenance: Regular Water Changes

aquarium fish water changeRegular water change is the most important routine needed towards maintaining a healthy and thriving aquarium fish community. Unlike lakes and ponds whereby there are flow of fresh water, your aquarium is different in such a way that it is a closed system and thus accumulating waste has no where to go to. Buildup of waste will eventually cause ammonia fluctuation, which are toxic to the fish.

Although having a good filtering system will ensure that solid waste are removed, however these doesn’t work for those soluble chemicals that dissolve in water. Therefore, regular partial water change is a must if you intend to ensure that your fish stays healthy.

One of the myths surrounding new aquarium owners is that, if you notice that your aquarium water level is reduced, merely replacing the evaporated water is not sufficient to overcome water chemistry changes. This is because the dissolved chemical still remains inside and thus, you are merely adding fresh water to dilute it. Therefore correct way of aquarium maintenance is to remove wastewater first before you add in fresh one.

So the question now, is how much to change the water and how regular to do it? Based on my own experience which are shared by the most experienced hobbyist, the best way is to remove one third of the aquarium water once a week and replace with fresh water back to the same level. This is based on the assumption that your aquarium is in a healthy balanced state. However, there are factors, which may alter the frequency and amount of water to take out. Listed are some of it:

  1. Stocking Density: An overstocked aquarium will require shorter intervals of water change in between
  2. Age of aquarium: Water chemistry in newly startup aquarium will generally need more water changes in order to maintain balanced state. This is because, it takes time to establish the colony of beneficial aquarium bacteria that breaks down ammonia waste. Therefore, check all the water parameters like pH, ammonia and dissolved oxygen during this critical period.
  3. Types of fish: Larger fish and those that produce a lot of waste like goldfish would require shorter intervals of water change. On the other hand, smaller fish like neon fish would thus require less water maintenance.
Interested to learn more about aquarium fish keeping? Find out what's the best way to setup your own aquarium from scratch and learn some of the useful tips along the way.

What is Nitrogen Cycle?



comparison between fluval and eheimComparing Between Different Fish Filters (Advantages and Disadvantages). How about other brands like the BiOrb?

Goldfish Varieties - Celestial

celestial goldfishPerhaps one of the most remarkable, weirdest and astonishing goldfish varieties is the Celestial. Nobody really knows where this type of goldfish originated and whether it is actually a result of selective breeding. Celestial is very much similar in terms of finnage like the other goldfish except that it has a very large telescope eyes turning upwards and a long body. It doesn’t grow very large and another notable trademark is its lack of dorsal fin. But believe it or not, the eyes are actually normal found in the newborn fish and it only starts to turn upwards towards its maturity age at about 6-7 months.

Well, a particular question a person must be curious about this fish is that, with its set of eyes turning upwards, will it have any difficulties in navigation and moving about without bumping into objects? Well as a proud owner who once kept this goldfish as a pet, I did not observe the fish having poor sense of direction and I can tell you that it doesn’t bump into objects. In fact, it swims pretty much well-coordinated without difficulties and my hypothesis is that since they can’t rely on their eyes for navigation, they must have adjusted to the condition by making use of other senses to guide them through. However, it is advisable that in order to help counter its poor eyesight visibility, owners must ensure that Celestial should only be kept with its own kind.



comparison between fluval and eheimComparing Between Different Fish Filters (Advantages and Disadvantages). How about other brands like the BiOrb?

Setup Your Own Aquarium: Preparing the water

So far, I believe you’ve already grasped basic knowledge like where to place the aquarium, determine the best aquarium size, and then buying aquarium accessories like filters, heater and lighting. Once you have done with that, next step is to treat the water and age it accordingly so that you can prepare them for your fish. (Remember, buying your new fish without ensuring that the water is properly treated is a mistake that brings nothing but trouble.)

The water from our household tap is generally unsuitable for use as aquarium water unless it has been properly aged and treated. The reason is because fresh water from the tap contains high level of chlorine and the purpose of having chlorine is to kill common microorganisms so that the water will be safe for human consumption. However, chlorine is very much unstable and with heavy aeration generated by aquarium pumps for long period of time(about 24 hours), it will disintegrate and removed from the water.

There are actually two options to dechlorinate and prepare your water. One is to rely on heavy aeration mentioned above and another straightforward and simple method is to simply purchase an anti-chlorine solution from your local fish shop. Even though natural aeration is much more cost saving, I would prefer the latter option because water conditioners like anti-chlorine nowadays not only will eliminate chlorine but will also remove other toxic chemicals and heavy metals as well. However, for the purpose of starting the system from scratch, I will combine and use both methods.

    aquarium water conditioner chlorine removal      water conditioner
Water Conditioner (chlorine removal) Biological Conditioner (bacteria starter kit)

Here is how to prepare the water:
  1. First fill fresh water from household tap into your aquarium
  2. Start the aquarium filter and air pump, making sure that heavy aeration with a lot of bubbles are generated.
  3. Plug in the heater and adjust your water temperature accordingly depending on the types of fish you intend to rear.
  4. Check for pH and water hardness and again adjust using chemical solution available from local fish shop according to fish requirements. (Use the guideline of pH 6.8-7.4 while for water hardness use gH 3º - 6º for tropical fish like cichlids, neon fish and gouramis and 6º - 11º for goldfish, guppies and swordtail) Water Test Kits will help you determine and act as indicator.
  5. Start to age and populate the water with beneficial bacteria. A good source is to get a scoop of aquarium water from established aquarium tank and mix it to your new water. Leave the water for two weeks for the bacteria to propagate. Or either way, you can also consider using a bacteria starter kit.
Well, that’s it. Before you head to your local fish shop and purchase you first aquarium fish, check again the pH and water hardness to confirm whether there’s any fluctuation above the healthy range. Adjust again if there’s any.

Next...Understanding Nitrogen Cycle and learning How to select and buy the right type of fish and introducing your new pet to its new home.



comparison between fluval and eheimComparing Between Different Fish Filters (Advantages and Disadvantages). How about other brands like the BiOrb?

About Me

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My fascination and interest towards aquarium fish has led me to devote my time towards caring and learning about this wonderful pet.

Aquarium fish keeping is a very challenging and exciting hobby. When I first started, I never knew much or have the necessary guidance back then because none of my family members were actually a keen hobbyist. And because of that, I’ve encountered numerous failures and the worst part is having to deal with dead fish every time when you started to grow fond and getting attached to my pets. However, I persevered and took steps to find out and search for information from other hobbyist, apart from the knowledge gained and learned from my own experience and research. The blog that I’ve created here is meant to share useful information and tips about aquarium fish keeping so that new hobbyist will not make the same mistakes that I’ve made in the past."

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